The LPN job description varies with the environment where the LPN practises their trade. This includes the industry and the state. However, everything in the Licensed practical nurse job description is covered in LPN training.
Most licensed practical nurses work in nursing care facilities and hospitals. Others work in the offices of physicians. These different work settings dictate that the LPN job description differs to some degree. For example, nursing care homes may require that the LPN do more bathing and feeding of patients and residents than hospitals. Hospitals on the other hand require that the LPN performs a varied range of duties from cleaning and dressing wounds to taking lab samples to feeding patients who cannot feed by themselves.
LPN Job Description
LPN job duties are carried out under the supervision on a Registered Nurse (RN) or a Physician. They closely work with patients.
Thus, the experienced licensed practical nurses can supervise CNA’s.
General LPN Job Description
The general LPN job description in the public and private sector includes tasks such as:
- Administering medicine to patients and monitoring the response of the patient to the medicine.
- Taking and recording the patients’ vital signs such as: blood pressure, temperature, weight, height and prescription.
- Taking lab samples from patients including blood and urine samples.
- Assisting in the laboratory work depending on the industry.
- Record keeping and filling patient charts.
- Providing patients with medical care and helping maintain hygiene in nursing care homes.
- Administering prescriptions depending on the laws in the specific state.
- Administering drugs as prescribed by the Physician.
- Taking care of infants and small children. This includes feeding and cleaning them as they recover.
- Supervising Certified Nursing Assistants depending on the experience of the LPN.
- Feeding of patient who cannot feed themselves. This might also include recording the food and fluid intake of the patient.
- Preparing and giving injections and enemas.
- Maintaining the patients’ room and equipment to ensure proper functioning and safety.
- Monitoring catheters.
- Applying dressings and cleaning wounds.
- Giving alcohol rubs and massages if need be.
- Performing clerical work especially if the LPN is working in a Physician’s office. This may include booking appointments and keeping patient records.
- Evaluating the needs of nursing home residents and developing a care plan.
- Reporting to the RN or Physician if any adverse change is noticed in patient health due to medication administered.
Since the LPN spends a lot of time with patients, he/she must be good in relationship building. This is a crucial skill that is greatly overlooked. It is thus necessary to know the patients’ personalities and try to connect with them at an emotional level.
The LPN job description information provided should help you decide whether this a career path you want to take and also understand the duties the LPN performs in different industries.
Note that the LPN job description is not limited to the above duties only.